Real-world scene perception and search from foveal to peripheral vision
- Date: Oct 24, 2022
- Time: 02:00 PM - 03:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
- Speaker: Antje Nuthmann
- Full Professor of Perception and Cognition, Kiel University
- Location: Zoom
- Host: Zhaoping Li (Junhao Liang)
A high-resolution central fovea is a prominent design feature of human vision. But how important is the fovea for information processing and gaze guidance in everyday visual-cognitive tasks? Following on from classic findings for sentence reading, I will present key results from a series of eye-tracking experiments in which observers had to search for a target object within static or dynamic images of real-world scenes. Gaze-contingent scotomas were used to selectively deny information processing in the fovea, parafovea, or periphery. Overall, the results suggest that foveal vision is less important and peripheral vision is more important for scene perception and search than previously thought. The importance of foveal vision was found to depend on the specific requirements of the task. Moreover, the data support a central-peripheral dichotomy in which peripheral vision selects and central vision recognizes.