Contact

Dr. Suzanne Nooij

Address: Spemannstr. 41
72076 Tübingen
Room number: 2.B.03
Phone: +49 7071 601 212
Fax: +49 7071 601 616
E-Mail: suzanne.nooij

 

Picture of Nooij, Suzanne, Dr.

Suzanne Nooij

Position: Research Scientist  Unit: Bülthoff

Research scientist

I work as a research scientist in the Motion Perception and Simulation research group, and my main interest is self-motion perception and spatial orientation. In other words: how do we perceive our body motion through the environment, based on all the information coming from our senses? My first line of research focusses on the integration of rotational and linear motions. I investigate how these interact and whether this process is influenced by cognitive factors.

The second line of research focusses on motion sickness. In both an actual vehicle and a simulator motion sickness can occur, and there are still many different theories on its cause and prevention. By investigating under which circumstances motion sickness occurs in our simulators, I hope to better understand why this incapacitating condition arises.

Background

I received an MSc. degree in Human Movement Sciences in 2002 (cum laude;  Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), and subsequently started my PhD research at the TNO Human Factors institute in Soesterberg, The Netherlands. It concerned a project on vestibular adaptation and motion sickness in astronauts, during which I was fascinated by the inevitable effect of gravity on human functioning in general, and on spatial orientation in particular. After completing the project in 2008, I worked for four years as a research scientist for the Royal Netherlands Airforce and Desdemona BV using the advanced Desdemona motion simulator for research on spatial disorientation in flight. Since 2013 I am affiliated to the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, where I have the opportunity to investigate spatial orientation, motion perception and motion sickness on a more fundamental level.

 

Selected publications

  • Vection is the main contributor to motion sickness induced by visual yaw rotation: Implications for conflict and eye movement theories PLoS ONE (2017)
  • Perception of rotation, path, and heading in circular trajectories Experimental Brain Research (2016)
  • Sensitivity to lateral force is affected by concurrent yaw rotation during curve driving DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition (2015)

Visually induced motion sickness

MPI Panolab

We are all familiar with the train illusion: the feeling that your train is departing when, in fact, you see the train at the neighboring platform leave the station. This powerful illusion shows us that motion of the visual field can give a compelling sense of self-motion in stationary observers, a phenomenon that is exploited in many fixed-base motion simulators. A negative side effect is that prolonged exposure to visually induced self-motion, also named vection, can give rise to motion sickness. In this project we look at motion perception and motion sickness when the entire visual surround is rotated around the observer’s vertical (yaw) axis. This specific situation is interesting, because it allows us to disentangle different theories on motion sickness, that all propose different causal factors. By adopting an integrative approach to this problem, and obtaining continuous measures of motion sickness, perceived self-motion, eye, and head movements, we aim at a better understanding of factors contributing to visually induced motion sickness [1].

 

[1] Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Oberfeld D, Hecht H and Bülthoff HH (2017): Vection is the main contributor to motion sickness induced by visual yaw rotation: Implications for conflict and eye movement theories. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0175305.


Motion perception in curves

Simulator set up for curved trajectories

Already much is known about the contribution of the vestibular system to the perception of self-motion during pure translations or pure rotations in the horizontal plane. In this project we investigated motion perception under combined translation and rotation, as is the case when going around a curve. Current models of human motion perception describe how the vestibular signals from semicircular canals and otoliths are processed to derive an estimate of the perceived body tilt, translation and rotation. The overall perceived motion through the environment is then obtained by summing all components. In this project we took the predictions from such a motion perception model as a starting point and investigated whether the reported motion percept is in line with the model predictions. In particular, we measured perceived heading (one’s orientation with respect to the motion path), for which the model predicts a bias. The perceived heading would be very different from the physical one when no visual information is present. This is because the motion also will induce some tilt, which affects the perceived motion path. In a psychophysical experiment we tested this model prediction, and found that the perceived heading is quite veridical [2]. This suggests that the current models are not yet sufficient to capture the perception process during combined motions.

 

Overview of results. Physical heading (red) required to perceive one's orientation as aligned with the curve. This is different from the model prediction.


[2] Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (August-2016) Perception of rotation, path, and heading in circular trajectories. Experimental Brain Research 234(8) 2323–2337.


Motion sensitivity in driving simulation

In driving simulation sustained lateral forces (occuring for instance during curve driving) are simulated by roll tilt of the simulator while presenting a correct visual image indicating no tilt ("tilt coordination"). To make this “trick” work, the tilt should be slow, staying below the perceptual threshold. In this project we determined how this threshold behaves under different experimental conditions: when in pure darkness, when concurrent sway is present, when the roll is suppressed by visual information, and during an active driving task. In line with other studies, the results show that the threshold increases when other motion components (i.e., sway) are present. Also active driving affected the threshold, but this seemed to depend on the level of immersion [3]. This knowledge can be exploited in the tuning of the allowed tilt rate in the simulator motion drive algorithm.

 

[3]  Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (May-2016) Roll rate perceptual thresholds in active and passive curve driving simulation. Simulation: Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 92(5) 417-426.

Perception based vehicle simulation

WABS: Perception-based motion cueing

 

 

 

 

In vehicle simulation we present a driver or pilot with a combination of inertial and visual cues, in order to make the perceived motion of the simulator the same as that of the actual vehicle. Normally a set of filters is used to transform the motion of the vehicle into simulator motion, which take only limited knowledge of human perception into account. In this project we developed and tested a novel approach to control the simulator that 1) utilized models on human self motion perception and sensitivity, and 2) optimized the simulator motion (without using filters) to create the intended percept. The approach was validated in a study where participants compared the perceptual validity of several driving maneuvers, comparing the traditional to the novel framework [4]. This validation showed that with the novel approach perceptual validity was enhanced while making optimal use of the entire simulator workspace.


[4] Venrooij J, Pretto P, Katliar M, Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Lächele M, de Winkel KN, Cleij D and Bülthoff HH (September-2015). Perception-based motion cueing: validation in driving simulation. DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 153-161.

 

More on WABS

Degrees

2008:
PhD, Delft Technical University / TNO Human Factors (NL)
Dissertation on  “Vestibular adaptation to an altered gravitational environment: conse-quences for spatial orientation”
2002: MSc (cum laude) in Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (NL)
1998: bc (cum laude) in Human Kinetic Technology, Haagse Hogeschool (NL)

 

Positions held

2013 - present           
Sr. research scientist at the Motion Perception in Vehicle Simulation group at The Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen (D)
2011 - 2012: Research scientist at Desdemona Ltd, Soesterberg (NL)
2008 - 2010: Research scientist at the Aerospace Physiology Department of the Center for Man in Aviation (Royal Netherlands Air Force), Soesterberg (NL)
2003 - 2008: PhD student at TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, (NL)

 

 

Research interests and expertise

Self-motion perception; Self-motion perception modeling; Motion sickness; Virtual reality; Vestibular function; Spatial orientation; (Aero)space physiology; Eye movements; Eye movement recordings; Vehicle simulation;

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Show abstracts

Articles (15):

Nooij SAE, Wentink M, Smaili H, Zaichik L and Groen EL (April-2017) Motion Simulation of Transport Aircraft in Extended Envelopes: Test Pilot Assessment Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics 40(4) 776-788.
Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Oberfeld D, Hecht H and Bülthoff HH (April-2017) Vection is the main contributor to motion sickness induced by visual yaw rotation: Implications for conflict and eye movement theories PLoS ONE 12(4) 1-19.
Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (August-2016) Perception of rotation, path, and heading in circular trajectories Experimental Brain Research 234(8) 2323–2337.
Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (May-2016) Roll rate perceptual thresholds in active and passive curve driving simulation Simulation: Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 92(5) 417-426.
Groen EL, Bos JE and Nooij SAE (July-2011) A Rationale for Space Motion Sickness Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 82(7) 737.
Nooij SAE, Vanspauwen R, Bos JE and Wuyts FL (May-2011) A re-investigation of the role of utricular asymmetries in Space Motion Sickness Journal of Vestibular Research 21(3) 141-151.
Nooij SAE and Groen EL (May-2011) Rolling into spatial disorientation: simulator demonstration of the post-roll (Gillingham) illusion Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 82(5) 505-512.
Buytaert KI, Nooij SAE, Neyt X, Migeotte P-F, Vanspauwen R, Van de Heyning PH and Wuyts FL (September-2010) A new model for utricular function testing using a sinusoidal translation profile during unilateral centrifugation Audiology & Neurotology 15(6).
Nooij SAE, Bos JE and Groen EL (September-2008) Velocity storage activity is affected after sustained centrifugation: a relationship with spatial disorientation Experimental Brain Research 190(2) 165-177.
Nooij SAE, Bos JE and Groen EL (March-2008) Orientation of Listing's plane after hypergravity in humans Journal of Vestibular Research 18(2-3) 97-105.
Nooij SAE and Bos JE (September-2007) Sickness induced by head movements after different centrifugal G_x-loads and durations Journal of Vestibular Research 17(5-6) 323-332.
Nooij SAE, Bos JE, Groen EL, Bles W and Ockels WJ (September-2007) Space sickness on Earth Microgravity Science and Technology 19(5-6) 113-117.
Mert A, Bles W and Nooij SAE (May-2007) Hyperventilation in a motion sickness desensitization program Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 78(5) 505-509.
Nooij SAE, Bos JE and Groen EL (April-2007) Motion sickness provoked by torso rotation Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 78(4) 444.
Peper CE, Nooij SAE and van Soest AJ (December-2004) Mass Perturbation of a Body Segment: 2. Effects on Interlimb Coordination Journal of Motor Behavior 36(4) 425-441.

Conference papers (7):

Venrooij J, Pretto P, Katliar M, Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Lächele M, de Winkel KN, Cleij D and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Perception-based motion cueing: validation in driving simulation, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 153-161.
pdf
Nooij SAE, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Sensitivity to lateral force is affected by concurrent yaw rotation during curve driving, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 33-38.
Pretto P, Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M and Bülthoff HH (September-2014) Variable Roll-rate Perception in Driving Simulation In: New Developments in Driving Simulation Design and Experiments, , Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2014, INRETS, Bron, France, 40.1-40.7.
pdf
Fucke L, Groen E, Goman M, Abramov N, Wentink M, Nooij SAE, Zaichik L and Khrabrov A (September-2012) Final results of the supra project: Improved Simulation of Upset Recovery, 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), Curran, Red Hook, NY, USA, 4607-4616.
Groen EL, Ledegang W, Field J, Goman M, Nooij SAE, Mayrhofer M and Zaichik L (August-2012) SUPRA: Enhanced Upset recovery simulation, AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference 2012, Curran, Red Hook, NJ, USA, 471-484.
Groen EL, Nooij SAE and Bos JE (June-2008) Ground-based research on vestibular adaptation to g-level transitions, Symposium Life in Space for Life on Earth, ESA Communication Production Office, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1-2, Series: Special Publications of the European Space Agency ; 663.
Bles W, Nooij SAE and Boer L (2002) Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, , International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2001, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 437-452.

Contributions to books (1):

Berger MAM, Nooij SAE and Hollander P: Zwemmen, -. In: Sport voor mensen met een beperking, (Ed) L.H.V. van der Woude, Bohn Stafleu van Lochem, Houten, Netherlands, (2001).

Technical reports (10):

Groen E, Ledegang W, Field J, Smaili H, Roza M, Fucke L, Nooij SAE, Goman M, Mayrhofer M, Zaichik L, Grigoryev M and Biryukov V: SUPRA-Enhanced Upset Recovery Simulation: An overview of the SUPRA experiments, NLR-TP-2012-320, National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, (November-2012).
Nooij SAE, Wentink M, de Graaf M and Mayrhofer M: Evaluation of a new way of G-cueing in Desdemona, DESDEMONA Report 2012-1, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2012).
Smaili H, Field J, Nooij SAE, Ledergang W, Wentink W, Groen EL and Zaichik L: Evaluation report of the analysis of simulator trials, SUPRA Report 6.3, Simulation of Upset Recovery in Aviation (SUPRA), EU Grant 233543, (2012).
Wentink M, Nooij SAE, Zaichik L and Smaili H: Motion cueing for upset recovery simulation, SUPRA Report 5.3, Simulation of Upset Recovery in Aviation (SUPRA), EU Grant 233543, (2012).
Wentink M, Nooij SAE, Zaichik L and Smaili H: Optimized Motion Driving Algorithms in Matlab/Simulink, SUPRA Report 5.2, Simulation of Upset Recovery in Aviation (SUPRA), EU Grant 233543, (2011).
Nooij SAE, Bos JE, Groen EL and Bles W: Validating the SIC-SAS paradigm during the Delta Mission: Motion perception and new vestibular function tests, Internal Report TNO-DV3 2005 IN018, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2006).
Bos JE, Groen EL and Nooij SAE: Further thoughts on and calculations by spatial orientation an motion sickness modeling, Internal Report TM-04-I005, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2005).
Nooij SAE, Bos JE and Groen EL: Persoonsidentificatie d.m.v. oogbewegingen: een haalbaarheidsstudie, TNO Report DV3 2005-I 001, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2005).
Nooij SAE and Bos JE: Eye movement registration: Determination of eye movement characteristics with two different devices, Internal report TM-04-A020, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2004).
Bles W, Nooij SAE and Boer LC: Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed, TNO Report 01-C015, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO) Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, (2001).

Posters (6):

Nooij SAE (February-6-2016): The role of eye movements, head movements and vection in visually induced motion sickness, 26th Oculomotor Meeting, Ulm, Germany.
Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Bülthoff HH and Nesti A (June-13-2014): Nonveridical perception of heading and travelled path during curved trajectories, 15th International Multisensory Research Forum (IMRF 2014), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Pretto P, Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M and Bülthoff HH (May-17-2014): Tilt-rate perception in vehicle simulation: the role of motion, vision and attention, 14th Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2014), St. Pete Beach, FL, USA, Journal of Vision, 14(10) 279.
Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Nesti A and Bülthoff HH (April-2014): Perception of heading and travelled path during curvilinear trajectories, 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neural Control of Movements (NCM 2014), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Nooij SAE, Bos JE, Groen EL and Ockels WJ (April-2008): Sustained Centrifugation Reduces Velocity Storage Activity in Humans: Consequences for Spatial Orientation?, XXV Bàràny Society International Congress, Kyoto, Japan.
Nooij SAE and Bos JE (April-2003): Eye movements, motion perception and velocity storage, Euresco Conference on Three-Dimensional Sensory and Motor Space, Aquafredda di Maratea, Italy.

Theses (1):

Nooij SAE: Vestibular adaptation to an altered gravitational environment: Consequences for spatial orientation, Technische Universiteit Delft, Netherlands, (May-2008). PhD thesis

Talks (20):

Nooij SAE (February-4-2017) Invited Lecture: Vection, and not eye or head movement, is the main contributor to visually induced motion sickness, 27th Oculomotor Meeting, Tübingen, Germany.
Nooij SAE (February-6-2015) Invited Lecture: Heading perception during curves, 25th Ocular Motor Meeting, München, Germany.
Nooij S (June-21-2013) Invited Lecture: Roll Rate Thresholds in Driving Simulation, 6th Human Centered Motion Cueing Workshop, Tübingen, Germany 6-7.
Groen EL, Ledegang W, Fucke L and Nooij SAE (September-2012) Abstract Talk: SUPRA project pushed the simulator envelope for upset recovery training, 30th Conference of the European Association for Aviation Psychology (EAAP 2012), Villasimius, Italy.
Groen EL, Bos JE and Nooij SAE (June-2012) Abstract Talk: Final Results of the MOP Experiment: Ground based Simulation of Space Adaptation Syndrome, Life in Space for Life on Earth: 12th European Life Sciences Symposium and 33rd Annual International Gravitational Physiology Meeting, Aberdeen, UK.
Groen EL, Ledegang W, Wentink M and Nooij SAE (July-2011) Abstract Talk: Centrifuge-based Simulation of Upset Recovery in Desdemona, 4th European Conference for Aerospace Sciences (EUCASS 2011), St. Petersburg, Russia.
Nooij SAE and Groen EL (August-2010) Abstract Talk: Somatogyral illusions during flight: effect of the post-roll illusion on pilot’s control behaviour, XXVI. Bárány Society Meeting, Reykjavik, Iceland, Journal of Vestibular Research, 20(3-4) 215-216.
Buytaert KI, Weerts AP, Vanspauwen R, Nooij SAE and Migeotte P-F (June-2010) Abstract Talk: Effects of specific drugs against G-level transition induced spatial disorientation on the otolith-ocular reflex and the otolith asymmetry, European Space Agency (ESA) and International Society for Gravitational Physiology (ISGP) Joint Life Science Meeting "Life in Space for Life on Earth", Trieste, Italy.
Nooij SAE, Beckers NW and Groen EL (March-2010) Abstract Talk: Simulation of the Gillingham Postroll illusion, 81st Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA 2010), Phoenix , AZ, USA, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 81(3) 312.
Nooij SAE, Vanspauwen R, Wuyts FL and Ockels WJ (April-2008) Abstract Talk: Is susceptibility to Space Motion Sickness related to otolith asymmetry?, XXV Bàràny Society International Congress, Kyoto, Japan.
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Last updated: Monday, 22.05.2017