Contact

Dr. Paolo Pretto

Address: Spemannstr. 41
72076 Tübingen
Room number: 2.B.01
Phone: +49 7071 601 644
Fax: +49 7071 601 616
E-Mail: paolo.pretto

 

Picture of Pretto, Paolo, Dr.

Paolo Pretto

Position: Project Leader  Unit: Bülthoff

Project leader Motion Perception and Simulation research group

I am leading the Motion Perception and Simulation research group together with Dr. Ksander de Winkel.

In our group, we conduct both fundamental and applied research on self-motion. The aim of our fundamental research is a comprehensive understanding of the perceptual and cognitive processes underlying self-motion. We perform experimental studies to measure perceptual thresholds, to untangle the mechanisms behind motion sickness, and to develop and validate models of the processes by which the brain constructs percepts of self-motion. Also, we apply knowledge of self-motion perception in the development of motion cueing algorithms, we assess the fidelity of motion cueing solutions, we investigate potential side-effects of autonomous driving on passengers, and we develop solutions to these problems.

Background

The genuine passion for cars and the human brain has led my professional growth. I graduated cum laude in Psychology at the University of Padova, Italy, with a thesis on driver’s perception in virtual environments. After a short experience in the automotive industry, I started a bi-national Phd (University of Padova, Italy & University of Tübingen, Germany) on Perception, Psychophysics and Behavioral Sciences. During the PhD and my early Post-doc years I studied the perception and control of self-motion in realistically simulated environment, with focus on driving scenarios. Since 2011 I am leading the Motion Perception and Simulation research group. In this role, beside my primary research activity, I have initiated and managed several collaborations with automotive OEMs, I have been scientific leader and project manager for the WABS project, and I have organized several international scientific events.

WABS: Perception-based motion simulation

Within the project WABS ("Wahrnehmungsbasierte Bewegungssimulation") we developed an alternative approach to motion cueing. Motion cueing is the process of converting a desired physical motion (e.g. from a vehicle model) into commands that are sent to the motion simulator. This conversion is done by a so-called Motion Cueing Algorithm (MCA).The WABS project is based on the idea that motion cueing can be improved by including novel insights in human self-motion perception, obtained from fundamental motion perception studies, in the MCAs. This "perception-based motion cueing" approach allows for exploiting the limitations and ambiguities of the human perceptual system.

More about WABS


Measuring perceptual thresholds in driving simulation

Active driving simulation provides a variety of visual and vestibular cues as well as demands on attention which vary with task difficulty. It is thus important to measure vestibular perceptual thresholds in conditions that closely resemble typical driving simulation to determine how different sensory and cognitive factors contribute to the sensation of realistic driving. Knowing the relative contribution of these components will lead to more optimized simulated driving.

Co-authors: Alessandro Nesti, Suzanne Nooij

Paolo Pretto

Paolo Pretto is project leader at the Motion Perception and Simulation research group. His interests include visual and multisensory self-motion perception, virtual reality and simulation, user experience, psychophysics and behavioural research methods.

 

Current position

Since Dec '11 Project leader at Max-Planck-Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany at the Motion Perception and Simulation research group

 

Education

Jan '04 - Jan '08 Bi-national Ph.D. Candidate at University of Padova, Italy and University of Tuebingen, Germany
Sep '95 - Jul '02 Master of Science (M.Sc., equivalent to) in Psychology, University of Padova, Italy

 

Experience

Feb '08 - Nov '11 Research Scientist at Max-Planck-Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany
Jan '03 - Dec '03 Research Internship at ELASIS S.C.p.A Research Center (FCA Automobiles), Italy
Sep '02 - Aug '03 Research Internship at University of Padova, Italy

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Proceedings (1):

Bülthoff HH, Kemeny A and Pretto P: DSC 2015 Europe - Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, 252, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, (September-2015).
978-3-9813099-3-5

Articles (8):

Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (August-2016) Perception of rotation, path, and heading in circular trajectories Experimental Brain Research 234(8) 2323–2337.
Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (May-2016) Roll rate perceptual thresholds in active and passive curve driving simulation Simulation: Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 92(5) 417-426.
Nesti A, Beykirch KA, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (December-2015) Human discrimination of head-centred visual–inertial yaw rotations Experimental Brain Research 233(12) 3553-3564.
Nesti A, Beykirch KA, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (March-2015) Self-motion sensitivity to visual yaw rotations in humans Experimental Brain Research 233(3) 861-869.
Berthoz A, Bles W, Bülthoff HH, Correia Gracio BJ, Feenstra P, Filliard N, Huhne R, Kemeny A, Mayrhofer M, Mulder M, Nusseck HG, Pretto P, Reymond G, Schlüsselberger R, Schwandtner J, Teufel H, Vailleau B, van Paassen MM, Vidal M and Wentink M (May-2013) Motion Scaling for High-Performance Driving Simulators IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 43(3) 265-276.
Pretto P, Bresciani J-P, Rainer G and Bülthoff HH (October-2012) Foggy perception slows us down eLife 1 1-12.
Pretto P, Ogier M, Bülthoff HH and Bresciani J-P (April-2009) Influence of the size of the field of view on motion perception Computers and Graphics 33(2) 139-146.
Pretto P, Monacelli G and Gamberini L (May-2003) Testing driver's comfort in virtual environments PsychNology Journal 1(2) 164-175.

Conference papers (15):

Venrooij J, Cleij D, Katliar M, Pretto P, Bülthoff HH, Steffen D, Hoffmeyer FW and Schöner H-P (September-8-2016) Comparison between filter- and optimization-based motion cueing in the Daimler Driving Simulator, DSC 2016 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, 31-38.
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Lächele J, Venrooij J, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (May-2016) Effects of vehicle- and task-related motion feedback on operator performance in teleoperation In: Leveraging Emerging Technologies for Future Capabilities, , 72nd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum (AHS 2016), Curran, Red Hook, NY, USA, 3310-3316.
Cleij D, Venrooij J, Pretto P, Pool DM, Mulder M and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Continuous rating of perceived visual-inertial motion incoherence during driving simulation, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 191-198.
Katliar M, de Winkel KN, Venrooij J, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Impact of MPC Prediction Horizon on Motion Cueing Fidelity, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 219-222.
Lächele J, Venrooij J, Pretto P, Zell A and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Novel approach for calculating motion feedback in teleoperation, 7th European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR 2015), IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, 1-6.
Venrooij J, Pretto P, Katliar M, Nooij SAE, Nesti A, Lächele M, de Winkel KN, Cleij D and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Perception-based motion cueing: validation in driving simulation, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 153-161.
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Nooij SAE, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (September-2015) Sensitivity to lateral force is affected by concurrent yaw rotation during curve driving, DSC 2015 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 33-38.
Pretto P, Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M and Bülthoff HH (September-2014) Variable Roll-rate Perception in Driving Simulation In: New Developments in Driving Simulation Design and Experiments, , Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2014, INRETS, Bron, France, 40.1-40.7.
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Lächele J, Venrooij J, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (May-2014) Motion Feedback Improves Performance in Teleoperating UAVs, 70th American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum (AHS 2014), Curran, Red Hook, NY, USA, 1777-1785.
Nesti A, Masone C, Barnett-Cowan M, Robuffo Giordano P, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (September-2012) Roll rate thresholds and perceived realism in driving simulation, Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2012, INRETS, Bron, France, 23-31.
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Pretto P and Chatziastros A (2012) The role of scene contrast and optic flow on driving speed In: Vision in Vehicles XI, , 11th International Conference on Vision in Vehicles (VIV 2006), Applied Research Institute, Loughborough, UK, 207-216.
Grabe V, Pretto P, Robuffo Giordano P and Bülthoff HH (September-2010) Influence of display type and field of view on drivers’ performance in a motion-based driving simulator In: Trends in Driving Simulation Design and Experiments, , Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2010, INRETS, Bron, France, 81-88.
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Pretto P, Nusseck H-G, Teufel H and Bülthoff HH (February-2009) Effect of lateral motion on drivers' performance in the MPI motion simulator, Driving Simulation Conference Europe (DSC 2009), INRETS, Bron, France, 121-131.
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Pretto P, Vidal M and Chatziastros A (February-2008) Why fog increases the perceived speed?, Driving Simulation Conference (DSC 2008 Europe), INRETS, Bron, France, 223-235.
Pretto P and Chatziastros A (October-2006) Changes in optic flow and scene contrast affect the driving speed, Driving Simulation Conference (DSC 2006 Europe), INRETS, Bron, France, 263-272.
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Contributions to books (1):

Pretto P, Venrooij J, Nesti A and Bülthoff HH: Perception-Based Motion Cueing: A Cybernetics Approach to Motion Simulation, 131-152. In: Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering, (Ed) S.-W. Lee, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, (2015).

Technical reports (1):

Gamberini L, Pretto P, Grassi A and Stasi LD: Virtual Environments in Industrial Prototyping, 1, 2, 3, 4, ELASIS (FIAT) Research center, Pomigliano D'Arco, Naples, (2004).

Posters (14):

Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Bülthoff HH and Nesti A (June-13-2014): Nonveridical perception of heading and travelled path during curved trajectories, 15th International Multisensory Research Forum (IMRF 2014), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Nesti A, Beykirch K, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (May-18-2014): Human self-motion sensitivity to visual yaw rotations, 14th Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2014), St. Pete Beach, FL, USA, Journal of Vision, 14(10) 485.
Pretto P, Nesti A, Nooij SAE, Losert M and Bülthoff HH (May-17-2014): Tilt-rate perception in vehicle simulation: the role of motion, vision and attention, 14th Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2014), St. Pete Beach, FL, USA, Journal of Vision, 14(10) 279.
Nesti A, Beykirch KA, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (April-2014): Human sensitivity to visual-inertial self-motion, 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neural Control of Movements (NCM 2014), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Nooij SAE, Pretto P, Nesti A and Bülthoff HH (April-2014): Perception of heading and travelled path during curvilinear trajectories, 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neural Control of Movements (NCM 2014), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Nesti A, Beykirch K, Pretto P and Bülthoff HH (November-2012): Human sensitivity to different motion intensities, 13th Conference of the Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNA 2012), Schramberg, Germany.
Nesti A, Barnett-Cowan M, Bülthoff HH and Pretto P (June-21-2012): Roll rate thresholds in driving simulation, 13th International Multisensory Research Forum (IMRF 2012), Oxford, UK, Seeing and Perceiving, 25(0) 167.
Pretto P, Bresciani J-P and Bülthoff HH (August-2010): Perceptual quirk induces safe driving in fog, 33rd European Conference on Visual Perception, Lausanne, Switzerland, Perception, 39(ECVP Abstract Supplement) 168.
Berger D, Pretto P, Bülthoff HH and Bresciani J-P (August-2009): Top-down influence of size cues on the perceived visual speed of self-motion, 32nd European Conference on Visual Perception, Regensburg, Germany, Perception, 38(ECVP Abstract Supplement) 134.
Pretto P, Bresciani J-P, Vidal M and Bülthoff HH (August-2008): Influence of the field of view on speed estimation during visual translations, 31st European Conference on Visual Perception, Utrecht, Netherlands, Perception, 37(ECVP Abstract Supplement) 156.
Vidal M and Pretto P (August-2008): World stability during visual translations: Analyzing the speed perception compensation mechanism, 31st European Conference on Visual Perception, Utrecht, Netherlands, Perception, 37(ECVP Abstract Supplement) 70.
Pretto P, Vidal M and Chatziastros A (July-2007): The Effect of Gaze Direction and Field-Of-View on Speed Constancy, 10th Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2007), Tübingen, Germany.
Pretto P and Chatziastros A (March-2006): Blame the road ahead but not the fog for speeding, 9th Tübingen Perception Conference (TWK 2006), Tübingen, Germany.
Pretto P and Chatziastros A (February-2005): Apparent Speed in the Footstep Illusion is not Totally Contrast Dependent, 8th Tübingen Perception Conference (TWK 2005), Tübingen, Germany.

Theses (1):

Pretto P: The perception and production of speed during self-motion: evidence for non-optimal compensation mechanisms, Università degli Studi di Padova: Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, (January-2008). PhD thesis

Talks (11):

Pretto P (September-9-2016) Keynote Lecture: Driver's motion perception, a driving simulation review, DSC 2016 Europe: Driving Simulation Conference & Exhibition, Paris, France.
Cleij D, Venrooij J, Pretto P, Pool DM, Mulder M and Bülthoff HH (September-7-2015) Invited Lecture: Continuous Measurement of Perceived Visual/Inertial Motion Coherence in a Motion Simulator, 5th CEAS Air & Space Conference, Delft, The Netherlands.
Pretto P (June-5-2013) Invited Lecture: Perception-based motion simulation, Vehicle Dynamics Expo 2013 Open Technology Forum, Stuttgart, Germany.
Pretto P (September-6-2012) Invited Lecture: Roll rate thresholds and perceived realism in driving simulation, Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2012, Paris, France.
Pretto P (May-18-2011): Roll rate thresholds and perceived realism in driving simulation, 5th Human Centered Motion Cueing Workshop, Göteborg, Sweden.
Pretto P (September-9-2010) Invited Lecture: Influence of display type on drivers’ performance in a motion based driving simulator, Driving Simulation Conference Europe 2010, Paris, France.
Pretto P (April-21-2009) Invited Lecture: Speed of self motion: perception and production, Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l'Action, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique: College de France, Paris, France.
Pretto P and Chatziastros A (October-6-2008) Abstract Talk: Realistic Scene Contrast Reduction Induces Drivers to Slow Down, 5th INTUITION International Conference “VR in Industry and Society: from research to application”, Torino, Italy.
Pretto P (May-12-2005): Cognitive and Psychophysical Methods for Virtual Vehicles Prototyping and Ergonomics, Associazione Tecnica dell'Automobile (ATA), Firenze, Italy.
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Last updated: Tuesday, 18.11.2014