Contact

Dr. Tobias Meilinger

Adresse: Spemannstr. 38
72076 Tübingen
Raum Nummer: 009.2
Tel.: 07071 601 615
Fax: 07071 601 616
E-Mail: tobias.meilinger

 

Bild von Meilinger, Tobias, Dr.

Tobias Meilinger

Position: Projektleiter  Abteilung: Bülthoff

I am interested in the processing of everyday environments. How do humans represent cities, buildings, and rooms containing objects and interaction partners? Which formats (e.g., graph vs. coordinate system) do they generate from experienced views, interactions, movement trajectories, descriptions, and maps? And how do they use them for navigation, interaction, and problem solving? My approach uses behavioural experiments in real and virtual environments supplemented by formal description methods of space, functional neuroimaging, eye tracking, and cognitive modeling.


An overview video of my work in navigation can be found here

Stephan de la Rosa and I are leading the Social and Spatial Cognition Group

 

Learning and navigating complex environments

 

Navigating through buildings and cities is an under-researched yet important everyday task. We found that knowledge acquired from navigation is represented in multiple, local reference frames corresponding, for example, to streets or corridors. This local information also incorporates local geometry as defined by walls. Contrary, (prior) map exposure yields a single, map-up oriented reference frame which is used for configurational or survey tasks within novel and highly familiar environments, but not for selecting routes. The underlying route knowledge focuses on turns which is enabled by a default strategy of walking straight. Route guidance providing unambiguous turning information will yield enhanced wayfinding performance.These findings will foster our understanding of human-environmental interaction and thus help finding ones goal.

 

Publications:

- Meilinger, T., * Frankenstein, J., * Simon, N., Bülthoff, H.H., & Bresciani, J.-P. (2016). Not all memories are the same: situational context influences spatial recall within ones city of residency. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23, 246-252. [*equal contributions]

- Meilinger, T.,  Frankenstein, J, Watanabe, K. , Bülthoff, H.H. & Hölscher, C. (2015). Reference frames in learning from maps and navigation. Psychological Research, 79, 1000-1008.

- Meilinger, T., Riecke, B.E., Bülthoff, H.H. (2014). Local and global reference frames for environmental spaces. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 542-569.

- Meilinger, T., Frankenstein, J., Bülthoff, H.H. (2014). When in doubt follow your nose - a wayfinding strategy. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1-7.

- Meilinger, T., Frankenstein, J., Bülthoff, H.H. (2013). Learning to navigate: experience vs. maps. Cognition, 129, 24-30.

- Frankenstein, J., Mohler, B.J., Bülthoff, H.H. & Meilinger, T. (2012). Is the Map in Our Head Oriented North? Psychological Science, 23, 120-125.

- Meilinger, T., Franz, G., & Bülthoff, H. H. (2012). From Isovists via Mental Representations to Behaviour: First Steps Toward Closing the Causal Chain. Environment and Planning B, 39, 48-62.

- Basten, K. Meilinger, T., Mallot, H.A. (2012). Mental travel primes place orientation in spatial recall. In Spatial Cognition VIII, Eds. C. Stachniss, K. Schill, D.H. Uttal (Berlin: Springer), 378-385.

-  Hölscher, C., Büchner, S. J., Meilinger, T., & Strube, G. (2009). Adaptivity of wayfinding strategies in a multi-building ensemble - the effects of spatial structure, task requirements and metric information. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 208-219.

- Meilinger, T., Hölscher, C., Büchner, S. J., & Brösamle, M. (2006). How Much Information Do You Need? Schematic Maps in Wayfinding and Self Localisation. In Spatial Cognition V, Eds. T. Barkowsky et al. (Berlin: Springer), 381–400.

 

Cooperation partners:

M. Strickrodt, C. Hölscher, T. Wolbers, J. Frankenstein, B.E. Riecke, B.J. Mohler, R. Conroy Dalton,H.A. Mallot, H.H. Bülthoff

 

Funding:

- DFG project “Where is my goal? The functional, computational and neural basis of human survey knowledge” (principal investigator: T. Meilinger)

- Max Planck Society

- EU project “Wayfinding”


 

 


Collaborative spatial problem solving

 

Almost all human-made objects involved collaborative spatial problem solving in the process of their construction or production. We aim to examine the underlying cognitive processes targeting at strategies, memory requirements, shared representations, and spatial transformations. First results on the case of collaborative search (e.g., firefighters searching a building for victims) indicate that collaborative in comparison to individual search might result in qualitative better, but not necessarily more efficient performance. We currently examine the interaction of working memory and search strategy and extend the problem to a collaborative 3D puzzle task.

 

Publications:

- Keilmann, F., de la Rosa, S., Cress, & Meilinger, T. (2017). How do individual and collaborative spatial problem solving differ? The case of environmental search. 59th Conference of Experimental Psychologists.

- Keilmann, F., de la Rosa, S., Schwan, S., Cress, U., Mohler, B.J., Bülthoff, H.H. & Meilinger, T. (submitted). Comparing Individual and Collaborative Problem Solving in Environmental Search. Cognitive Science Conference.

 

 

Cooperation partners:

F. Keilmann, B.J. Mohler, S. de la Rosa, H.H. Bülthoff, M. Bues (Fraunhofer IAO), U. Cress (IWM), S. Schwan (IWM)

 

Funding:

- MPG-FhG project “CoAvatar” (PI: M. Bues, T. Meilinger, B. Mohler)

 

 



Self movement perception and representation of 3D space

 

Humans mainly  experience their environment from an upright body posture and locomote along the horizontal plane. This project examines whether vertical movements and locations are perceived and memorized in the same way as horizontal ones. Results suggest that memory is anisotropic for movement, but isotropic for visible locations and that egocentric reference frames are used for both types of information despite salient allocentric alternatives such as gravity.

 

Publications

- Hinterecker, T., Leroy, C., Kirschhock, M.E., Zhao,M., Butz, M. V., Bülthoff, H. H., & Meilinger, T. (submitted). Spatial Memory for vertical locations.
- Hinterecker, T. *, Leroy, C.*, Zhao, M., Butz, M. V., Bülthoff, H. H., & Meilinger, T. (2017). No advantage for remembering horizontal over vertical spatial locations learned from a single viewpoint. Memory & Cognition . [* equal contributions]
- Barnett-Cowan, M., Meilinger, T., Vidal, M., Teufel, H. & Bülthoff, H.H. (2012). MPI CyberMotion Simulator: Implementation of a novel motion simulator to investigate path integration in three dimensions. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 63, 1-6.

- Hölscher, C., Meilinger, T., Vrachliotis, G., Brösamle, M., & Knauff, M. (2006). Up the down staircase: next term Wayfinding strategies in multi-level buildings. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 26, 284–299.


Collaboration partners:

 

 

 


Spatial integration

 

Rooms, buildings and cities cannot be grasped within one glance. In order to get their overall structure, one has to integrate multiple experiences which relate via movement trajectories or common landmarks. We showed that reference frames (i.e., coordinate systems) used for integration depend on the learning time, available movement trajectories, and the knowledge from where to use the information afterwards. Integration of city streets happens within an incremental process conducted from one current location. Consequently, integration processes differ between spatial scales.


Publications:

 

- Meilinger, T. & Watanabe, K. (2016). Multiple strategies for spatial integration of 2D layouts in working memory. PLOS ONE, 11, 1-22.

- O’Malley, M., Bülthoff, H.H., Meilinger, T. (2014). How to find a shortcut within a city? Mental walk vs. mental model. 56. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen.

- Meilinger, T.*, Berthoz, A. & Wiener, J.M.* (2011). The integration of spatial information across different perspectives. Memory & Cognition, 39, 1042-1054. [* equal contributions]

- Henson, A., Mallot, H.A., Bülthoff, H.H., Meilinger, T. (2011). When do we integrate spatial information acquired by walking through environmental spaces? 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2764-2769.

- Meilinger, T., Bülthoff, H.H. (2010). The Direction Bias and the Incremental Construction of Survey Knowledge. 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2500-2505.


 

Cooperation partners:

K. WatanabeJ. Wiener, A. BerthozH.A. MallotH.H. Bülthoff

 

Funding:

- DFG project “Where is my goal? The functional, computational and neural basis of human survey knowledge” (principal investigator: T. Meilinger)

- Feodor-Lynen Stipend from the Humboldt Foundation

- Max Planck Society

- EU project “Wayfinding”



 

Verbal and non-verbal codes in spatial memory

 

In which format do humans represent their environment? Our results indicate that room locations and routes learned from navigation as well as from maps are not only encoded spatially, but also in a verbal code, e.g. as descriptions. The usefulness of verbal encoding for navigation seems to depend on already established long-term associations between corresponding verbal and spatial elements. Humans combine multiple representations formats.

 

Publications:

- Meilinger, T., Schulte-Pelkum, J., Frankenstein, J., Hardiess, G. Mallot, H.A., Bülthoff, H.H. (2016). How to best name a place? Facilitation and inhibition of route learning due to descriptive and arbitrary location labels. Frontiers in Psychology,7, 1-7.

-  Meilinger, T. & Bülthoff, H.H. (2013). Verbal shadowing and visual interference in spatial memory. PLOS ONE, 8, 1-9.

- Meilinger, T., Knauff, M., & Bülthoff, H. H. (2008). Working memory in wayfinding - a dual task experiment in a virtual city. Cognitive Science, 32, 755-770.

- Meilinger, T. & Knauff, M. (2008). Ask for your way or use a map: A field experiment on spatial orientation and wayfinding in an urban environment. Journal of Spatial Science, 53, 13-23.

 

Cooperation partners:

H.A. Mallot, M. Knauff, G. Hardiess, H.H. Bülthoff

 

Funding:

- DFG project “Mapspace” (SFB/TR8 Spatial Cognition)

- EU project “Wayfinding”

- Max Planck Society

 

 

 


Object orientation as a social stimulus?

 

This project is concerned with interactions between spatial and social processing in object orientation. Observers perceive cones, cameras, and avatars (virtual humans) facing them as closer than when they are facing away. This orientation effect does not depend on objects being aversive or animate. Object orientation may thus work not only as a spatial cue, but also as a social cue.


Publications:

Jung, E., Takahashi, K., Watanabe, K, de la Rosa, S. Butz, M.V., Bülthoff, H.H. & Meilinger, T. (2016). The Influence of Human Body Orientation on Distance Judgments. Frontiers in Psychology,7, 1-9.

Foster, C., Takahashi, K., Watanabe, K., Bülthoff, H.H. & Meilinger, T. (in preparation). Looking at me? Observers underestimate the position of objects facing towards them, independent of these objects being aversive or animate.

Takahashi, K.*, Meilinger, T.*, Watanabe, K., Bülthoff, H.H. (2013). Psychological influences on distance estimation in a virtual reality environment. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 1-7. [* equal contributions]

 

Cooperation partners:

K. Watanabe, K. Takahashi, H.H. Bülthoff

 

Funding:

- Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

- Feodor-Lynen Stipend from the Humboldt Foundation

 

 



Theoretical foundations of spatial cognition

 


This research is concerned with conceptions of how space can be represented and processed theoretically and in the light of current empirical data. We argue that simple egocentric and allocentric conceptions are not sufficient to capture complex situations and suggest combining them into complex representations. I also proposed a theory for self-localisation, route- and survey navigation in environmental spaces.

 

Publications:

- Wiener, J.M. & Meilinger, T. (forthcoming). Spatial Biases in Wayfinding and Navigation. In T. Hubbard (Ed.), Spatial Biases in Perception and Cognition. Cambridge University Press.

- Hardiess, G., Meilinger, T., & Mallot, H.A. (2015). Virtual Reality and Spatial Cognition. In J.D. Wright (Ed), International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 133-137). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

- Vosgerau, G. Knoll, A., Meilinger, T. & Vogeley, K. (2013). Representation. In A. Stephan & S. Walter (Eds.), Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft (386-401). Stuttgart: Metzler.

- Meilinger, T. & Vosgerau, G. (2010)  Putting Egocentric and Allocentric into Perspective. In C. Hölscher, C., T. F. Shipley, M. Olivetti Belardinelli, J. A. Bateman, N. S. Newcombe (Eds.), Spatial Cognition VII, LNAI 6222 (pp. 207-211). Berlin: Springer.

- Meilinger, T. (2008). The network of reference frames theory: A synthesis of graphs and cognitive maps. In C. Freksa, N.S. Newcombe, P. Gärdenfors & S. Wölfl (Eds.), Spatial Cognition VI, LNAI 5248 (pp. 344-360). Berlin: Springer.

 

Cooperation partners:

G. VosgerauH.A. Mallot, G. Hardiess

 

Funding:

- Max Planck Society

- DFG project “Where is my goal? The functional, computational and neural basis of human survey knowledge” (principal investigator: T. Meilinger)

 

 

 


Further research

Additional research interests encompass contributions of lateral field of view for reorientation (with K. Ehinger and R.Rosenholtz), spatial priming (with H.A. Mallot and J. Wiener) and new measurement tools for spatial ability (together with A. Postma and I. van der Ham). I cooperated with the project SpaceGuide at the University of Freiburg (principal investigators: C. Hölscher, G. Strube and W. Burgard) and the feelSpace project at the University of Osnabrück (principal investigator: P. König). In former projects at the University of Würzburg I examined the influence of passengers on accidental risk (together with M. Vollrath and H.-P. Krüger), the influence of roadside vegetation on traffic safety, and the usability of menu systems (together with I. Totzke and H.-P. Krüger).

 

CV

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Vorträge (58):

Meilinger T (November-11-2015) Invited Lecture: Experimenting with psychology of space: Setting up experiments in vitro, in situ, and in silico, University of Copenhagen Course: Human mobility, Cognition and GISc, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Saulton A, Meilinger T, Bülthoff HH und de la Rosa S (September-10-2015) Abstract Talk: The interaction of social and spatial cognitive processes in naturalistic social interactions, Space and Situated Cognition: Sixth International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2015), Roma, Italy, Cognitive Processing, 16(Supplement 1) S47.
van der Ham I, Wiener J und Meilinger T (September-9-2015) Abstract Talk: Individual differences in wayfinding, Space and Situated Cognition: Sixth International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2015), Roma, Italy, Cognitive Processing, 16(Supplement 1) S34.
Meilinger T, Rebane J, Henson A, Bülthoff HH und Mallot HA (September-9-2015) Abstract Talk: The acquisition of survey knowledge through navigation, Space and Situated Cognition: Sixth International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2015), Roma, Italy, Cognitive Processing, 16(Supplement 1) S37.
Meilinger T, Takahashi K, Foster C, Watanabe K, Bülthoff HH und de la Rosa S (September-8-2015) Abstract Talk: Spatial orientation as a social cue: the case of objects and avatars, Space and Situated Cognition: Sixth International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2015), Roma, Italy, Cognitive Processing, 16(Supplement 1) S18.
Meilinger T und de la Rosa S (Juni-25-2015) Abstract Talk: Human navigation in virtual large scale spaces, 6th Bernstein Sparks Workshop: Multi-modal closed-loop stimulation and virtual realities, Tutzing, Germany 4.
Meilinger T, Henson A und Bülthoff HH (März-11-2015) Abstract Talk: Mental mapping impossible environments, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 167.
Foster C, Takahashi K, Kurek S, Horeis C, Bäuerle MJ, de la Rosa S, Watanabe K, Butz MV und Meilinger T (März-10-2015) Abstract Talk: Looking at me? Influence of facing orientation of avatars and objects on distance estimation, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 82.
de la Rosa S, Lubkoll M, Saulton A, Meilinger T, Bülthoff HH und Cañal-Bruland C (März-10-2015) Abstract Talk: Motor planning and control: You interact faster with a human than a robot, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 60.
Stickrodt M und Meilinger T (März-10-2015) Abstract Talk: Movement, successive presentation and environmental structure and their influence on spatial memory in vista and environmental space, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 246.
Leroy C, Zhao M, Butz MV, Bülthoff HH und Meilinger T (März-10-2015) Abstract Talk: Spatial memory in the horizontal and vertical plane, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 153.
Meilinger T, Garsoffky B, Horeis C und Schwan S (März-10-2015) Abstract Talk: The perception of relative speed of two bodies as a function of independent observer movement, 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany 166.
Meilinger T (Februar-2-2015) Invited Lecture: Navigation and the Brain. How We Know Where We Are and Where We Want To Be, ERES Stiftung: Stephan Huber World Atlas Exhibition: Lectures, Discussions, München, Germany.
Meilinger T (September-3-2014) Invited Lecture: Environmental spaces are fragmentized into vista spaces, The Vespucci Institutes "Brain and Space" Workshop 2014, Lisboa, Portugal.
Meilinger T, Henson A, Bülthoff HH und Mallot HA (August-1-2014) Abstract Talk: How much path integration is in the cognitive map?, 2014 European Mathematical Psychology Group Meeting (EMPG), Tübingen, Germany 21.
Meilinger T (Juli-15-2014) Invited Lecture: Reference frames in spatial integration, memory, and recall, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen: Fachgebiet Psychologie, Giessen, Germany.
Meilinger T (Juni-26-2014) Invited Lecture: Reference frames in spatial integration, memory, and recall, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg: Center for Cognitive Science, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
O'Malley M, Bülthoff HH und Meilinger T (April-1-2014) Abstract Talk: How to find a shortcut within a city? Mental walk vs. mental model, 56th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2014), Giessen, Germany 194.
Meilinger T und Watanabe K (April-1-2014) Abstract Talk: Multiple Strategies for Spatial Integration, 56th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2014), Giessen, Germany 172.
Meilinger T (November-12-2013) Invited Lecture: Spatial cognition: different processes for different kinds of spaces, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique: Centre de Recherche Cerveau & Cognition, Toulouse, France.
Meilinger T (Mai-7-2013) Invited Lecture: Navigation in environmental spaces, University of Tokyo: Ishikawa Watanabe Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan.
Meilinger T (März-5-2013) Invited Lecture: Spatial integration, Kyto University: Leaders for Integrated Medical System, Kyoto, Japan.
Meilinger T (Februar-14-2012) Invited Lecture: "Im Kreis laufen": der menschliche Orientierungssinn und Kybernetik, Rotary Club Reutlingen-Tübingen-Nord, Reutlingen, Germany.
Meilinger T (Dezember-9-2011) Invited Lecture: Spatial integration within environmental spaces, SFB/TR8 Spatial Cognition Colloquium, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
Meilinger T (Dezember-5-2011) Invited Lecture: Reference frames for environmental spaces, University of Reading: Winter Workshop on Coordinate Frames for Visual Stability, Reading, UK.
Meilinger T (Juni-6-2011) Invited Lecture: Kommentar zu Michael Bratman "Acting over Time – Acting Together", Inaugural Graduiertenkolleg Workshop: Rational Agency, Tübingen, Germany.
Meilinger T (Dezember-16-2010) Invited Lecture: How do we memorize everyday environments and use this memory for pointing and selecting routes?, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg: Center for Cognitive Science, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
Meilinger T (August-24-2010) Invited Lecture: Situated maps, University of California Santa Barbara: Hegarty Spatial Thinking Lab, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
Meilinger T (Mai-5-2010) Invited Lecture: Spatial cognition and virtual characters, Universität Bielefeld Technische fakultät: Arbeitsgruppe Wissensbasierte Systeme, Bielefeld, Germany.
Meilinger T (April-23-2010) Invited Lecture: Local and global reference frames in survey knowledge acquired from navigation and maps, Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg: Workshop Spatial Behaviour and Linguistic Representation, Delmenhorst, Germany 6.
Meilinger T, Souman JL und Bülthoff HH (März-2010) Abstract Talk: Asymmetrien und die Konstruktion von Überblickswissen, 52. Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen (TeaP 2010), Saarbrücken, Germany 77.
Meilinger T und Mohler B (Februar-22-2010) Invited Lecture: Spatial Cognition and Virtual Characters, Symposium "Neural Encoding of Perception and Action", Tübingen, Germany.
Meilinger T (November-4-2009) Invited Lecture: Situatedness in spatial cognition, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen: Abteilung Allgemeine Psychologie und Kognitionsforschung, Giessen, Germany.
Meilinger T (Juni-27-2009) Invited Lecture: Situatedness in spatial cognition, Collège de France: Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l'Action, Paris, France.
Meilinger T und Vosgerau G (Oktober-2008) Abstract Talk: Conceptions of Space: an Interdisciplinary Exchange, 9. Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft (KogWis '08), Dresden, Germany 14.
Meilinger T (Oktober-2008) Abstract Talk: Human orientation in Space: Distinguishing spaces, memory systems, and reference frames, 9. Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft (KogWis '08), Dresden, Germany 15.
Meilinger T, Schulte-Pelkum J, Laharnar N, Teramoto W, Frankenstein J und Bülthoff HH (Oktober-2008) Abstract Talk: Orientation biases in memory for vista and environmental spaces, 9. Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft (KogWis '08), Dresden, Germany 31.
Wiener JM, Meilinger T und Berthoz A (Oktober-2008) Abstract Talk: The integration of spatial information across different perspectives, 9. Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft (KogWis '08), Dresden, Germany 31.
Meilinger T (Februar-29-2008) Invited Lecture: Raumkonzepte in der Psychologie, Helmut-Schmidt-Universität: Arbeitsbereich Raum- und Umweltkognition, Hamburg, Germany.
Meilinger T (November-21-2007) Invited Lecture: Do humans use metric maps for environmental large scale spaces?, Collège de France: Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l'Action, Paris, France.
Meilinger T, Riecke BE und Bülthoff HH (August-31-2007) Abstract Talk: Orientation Specificity in Long-Term Memory for Environmental Spaces, 15th Meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP 2007), Marseille, France 58.
Meilinger T (Juni-25-2007) Invited Lecture: Orientierung im Raum, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg: Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Verkehrswissenschaften, Würzburg, Germany.
Meilinger T, Brösamle M, Hölscher C, Wilbertz G, Büchner J und Sprenger H (März-2007) Abstract Talk: Wie viel Information brauchen wir? Selbstlokalisation und Wege finden mit schematisierten Karten, 49. Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen (TeaP 2007), Trier, Germany 234.
Meilinger T (September-7-2006) Invited Lecture: Orientierung im Raum mit Karten und wie Menschen ihren Weg von A nach B finden, Universität Braunschweig: DLR Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik, Braunschweig, Germany.
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Meilinger T (Juni-21-2006) Invited Lecture: Memory for environmental spaces, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg: Center for Cognitive Science, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
Meilinger T (Juni-7-2006) Invited Lecture: Memory for environmental spaces, Universität Tübingen: Kognitive Neurowissenschaft, Tübingen, Germany.
Meilinger T (März-4-2006) Invited Lecture: Psychophysik der Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle, Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen, Germany.
Büchner SJ, Hölscher C und Meilinger T (März-2006) Abstract Talk: "Wie komm' ich da jetzt hin?": Der Einfluss von Navigationshilfen und Strategiewahl auf das Bewegungsverhalten in einem komplexen Gebäude, 48. Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen (TeaP 2006), Mainz, Germany 140.
Meilinger T (Dezember-13-2004) Invited Lecture: How to reach a goal: strategies and representations in wayfinding, Universität Tübingen: Kognitive Neurowissenschaft, Tübingen, Germany.
Krüger HP, Totzke I, Meilinger T und Rauch N (März-2002) Abstract Talk: Das Erlernen der Navigation in Informationssystemen als multicodierter Prozess, 44. Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen (TeaP 2002), Chemnitz, Germany, Experimentelle Psychologie, 44 31.
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Last updated: Montag, 22.05.2017